Hudson High School
Madame Marie-Claude Dupuis
for the MRE course
13 May 2000
Definitions and Characteristics
"Of the 50 years of Life magazine covers, though many showed
women, only 19 of those were not actresses or models, that is, not there because
of their beauty."
of food often starts in childhood. Parents will often use food as a punishment
or as a reward. This kind of thinking sets the stage for people to restrict,
sneak est, rebel by eating, comfort themselves with, or indulge in, the
forbidden bad foods.
are three main types of eating disorders. These are Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia
Nervosa, and Compulsive Overeating. Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa are two
of the most life threatening of all psychiatric illnesses. 5% to 20% of anorexic
people will eventually die from the disorder.
Anorexia is characterized by a significant weight loss
resulting from excessive dieting. 97% of Anorexics are woman, and about 3% of
men. The reason why is because woman are usually praised for there beauty, while
men are praised for their abilities and talents. Anorexics consider themselves
to be fat, no matter what their actual weight is. In their attempts to become
even thinner, the anorexic will avoid food and try as hard as they can to avoid
all calories, which can result in death.
usually strive for perfection. They believe that they must look perfect in order
to be perfect. A person with anorexia may also feel the only control they have
in their lives is food and weight. If they can't control what is happening
around them, they believe they can control their weight. Anorexics usually have
low self-esteem and sometimes feel they don't deserve to eat. The anorexics
usually deny that anything is wrong. Hunger is always denied. They usually don't
want anyone to help them because the idea of therapy is seen only as a way to
make them eat. Once they admit they have a problem and want help, they can be
treated effectively through a combination of psychological, and nutritional
is characterized by a eating followed by purging to try and get rid of unwanted
calories. Bulimics range in the amount of calories they eat before trying to
purge themselves. For one person a binge may range from 1000 to 10000 calories,
for another, one cookie may be considered a binge. Purging methods usually
involve vomiting and laxative abuse. Other forms of purging can involve
excessive exercise, fasting, use of diuretics, diet pills and enemas.
are usually people that do not feel secure about their self. They usually strive
for the approval of others. They tend to do whatever they can to please others,
while hiding their own feelings. Food becomes their only source of comfort.
Bulimia also serves as a function for blocking or letting out feelings. Unlike
anorexics, bulimics do realize they have a problem and are more likely to seek
overeating is characterized by uncontrollable eating and consequent weight gain.
Compulsive overeaters use food as a way to cope with stress, emotional conflicts
and daily problems. They think that food can block out feelings and emotions.
They usually feel out of control and are aware their eating patterns are not
normal. Like bulimics, compulsive overeaters do realize they have a problem.
overeating usually starts in early childhood when eating patterns are formed.
Unlike anorexia and bulimia, there is a high proportion of male overeaters.
more weight that is gained, the harder they try to diet and dieting is usually
what leads to the next binge, which can be followed by bad feelings. Dieting and
bingeing can go on forever if the emotional reasons for the bingeing is not
today's society, compulsive overeating is not yet taken seriously enough.
Instead of treating the problem some have, they go to diet centers and health
places. Like anorexia and bulimia, compulsive overeating is a serious problem
and can result in death. With the proper treatment, which should include
therapy, medical and nutritional counseling, it can be overcome.
to 80% of forth-graders report being on diets.
account for approximately 97% of Anorexia and Bulimia
about 3% of males are Anorexic or Bulimic
to 20% of anorexic people will eventually die from the disorder
of children and 21% of teens are obese